A design is a blueprint or description of the arrangement or structure of something physical, logical or abstract, or the outcome of which plan or specification in the most accurate form may be made, or in any shape at all of such a thing as a machine, structure, machine conception or design, or an apparatus, machine arrangement or design. The verb to design denotes the act of producing a design. When applied to the designing process, the verb to design means “to prepare in advance” or “to prepare in view of.” In engineering the verb to design means “to calculate” or “to estimate” and in mathematics “to determine.”
In order for designers anditizers (human needs oriented designers) to better understand human needs they must engage in design thinking. For example, if a homeowner is considering redoing her kitchen to achieve a better sense of organization in her home, she should first evaluate her kitchen organization in terms of the relationship between cabinets and shelves, and storage space and waste removal. This process will help her determine the quantity and kind of equipment which will be needed to accomplish her plan.
Designers use more than just tools to make things look good; they must also think about the customers’ needs and desires, the end product, and how to make the best use of available resources. It is vital for designers to be open-minded and flexible. Good design thinking is the key to successful product development. In fact, it is so important that the designer must engage in design thinking even before the planning of the project, using only prototyping, research, and computer-aided design and manufacturing software.