Design As a Functional Profession
A design is an outline or specifications for the actual construction of an object, usually an apparatus or machine or even for the successful performance of some activity or process, or even the resultant of that outline or specifications in the shape of a model, prototype or finished product. The verb to design normally indicates the act of developing a design, although it can also mean produce, design. It is usually employed to refer to the process by which an idea or purpose is conceived and brought into being. The verb design generally indicates the mental process involved in bringing to reality some definite end, as in constructing a building, ship, etc.
Designers use many different tools and means to bring their visions and designs to reality. They rely on various art forms – drafting, visualization, computer-aided design (CAD) and graphics packages – to help them in their efforts to create products, processes and systems. Designing assists the designer in originating a clear vision of his intended result, and enables him to work with his team and the necessary experts to ensure that the design is carried out in the way that he plans. Together with architects, designers are often called upon to evaluate the design to ensure that it meets the requirements of the users. In order to have a productive and creative working relationship with his team, a designer needs to be open to suggestions from them. He needs to be able to accept and give sensible feedback.
Designers also need to be creative thinkers capable of problem-solving and innovative. They should be flexible enough to consider alternate solutions when confronted with a particular problem, and should be able to perceive changes in their user interface as opportunities for improvement. Designers, unlike artists, are more problem-solving oriented and more concentrated on the specific design process. A good designer is an outstanding communicator and an excellent problem solver who can find creative solutions to design problems.